UNIT 9 AT THE HOSPITAL (Part 1)
In this unit you will do some exercises to compare expressing differences and similarities, to ask and answer about how one feels, and to ask for and give advice.
Exercise 1Beth wasn't feeling well. She saw the doctor at the hospital. Listen to the telephone conversation.
Jean: Hi, Beth. This is Jean. Did you go to the hospital yesterday?
Beth: Oh, Yes, I did. I saw Dr. Brown. He gave me the results of my blood tests.
Jean: What should you do?
Beth: I should eat less fat and salt and more fruits and vegetables and take some pills, drops and vitamins twice a day. I shouldn't lift anything heavy.
Jean: Did you get the medicines from the drugstore?
Beth: Yes, I did.
Jean: Were they cheap?
Beth: Although pills were cheaper than drops, vitamins were the cheapest of all. I spent more than thirty dollars ($30.00)
Jean: When are you going to see the doctor again?
Beth: Next month.
Jean: I'll call you tomorrow morning. Bye.
Beth: O.K. Bye.
EXERCISE: 1.aAnswer these questions:
1. Where was Beth yesterday?
2. What did she do?
3. Did she receive advice/instructions?
4. Who gave her instructions?
5. What did she buy at the drugstore?
6. How much did she spend?
Substitute the underlined expressions in the above dialogue with the help of your teacher (he will suggest some other expressions to give advice)
Why don't you (take some new pills)
Beth bought some medicine. Work in pair and guess the prices. Ask each other.
Match column A with column B and decide the prices.
EXERCISE 3Compare your matching with another pair. Who has the correct answer?
Then complete these sentences:
Pills cost _______.
Now you are ready to practice this conversation.
A: How much do pills cost?
B: They cost _______ and what about vitamins?
A: They cost _______.
B: How much do drops cost?
A: They cost_______.
Now let's COMPARE. Read these sentences.
Pills were cheaper than drops.
Vitamins were the cheapest of all.
Read this information to do the exercises that follow.
One of the most common ways of expressing differences and similarities is through the use of comparatives.
e.g. Beth weighs 80 kg. She is five feet (5') tall.
Jean weighs 63 kg. She is six feet (6') tall.
Beth is fatter than Jean.
Jean is taller than Beth.
To express comparison we add -ER THAN to short adjectives (those that have 1 or 2 syllables).
short pretty fat
large small fast
long easy quick
We use MORE...THAN with adjectives of more than 2 syllables.
e.g. A computer is more expensive than a radio.
important difficult comfortable expensive
To express similarities we use AS...AS.
e.g. Water is as important as food.
Robert runs as fast as Alex.
Choose two of your friends or members of your family. Think about five differences or similarities.
e.g. John is nicer than Carl.
EXERCISE 5Work in pairs. Share the information with your partner or classmates. Look at this example:
A. John is nicer than Carl, isn't he?
B. Yes, that's true.
A: And Carl is more intelligent than John.
B: Yes, I agree / No, I don't agree. I think John is...
EXERCISE 6Complete these sentences. Use a comparative form. Use the adjective in parentheses.
1. This dress is small for me. I need a ____ one. (Large)
2. Mary's house is______ Rose's. (Big)
3. Aniel García now runs_____before. (Fast)
4. A big car is_____a small car. (Comfortable)
5. Learning English is_____learning Japanese. (Easy)
6. Alfred is 80 years old. My father is 75 years old. My father is_____Alfred. (Young)
EXERCISE 7Let's express some similarities in simple sentences. Work in pairs.
Remember to use AS...AS. For example,
Mathematics is as interesting as Physics.
My schoolbag is as new as yours.
Analyze these sentences.
John is 10 years old.
Peter is 10 years old.
Robert is 15 years old.
John is as old as Peter but Robert is the oldest of the three.
We use THE + -EST for short adjectives and use THE MOST for longer adjectives. (Similar rules as for the comparatives).
e.g. fast -the fastest big –the biggest
famous – the most famous
Cauto River is the longest river in Cuba.
Baseball is the most famous of all sports.
EXERCISE 9There are some patients waiting for the doctor at the hospital. Read this dialogue:
Tony: Industriales is a good baseball team.
Johnny: Yes, but Pinar del Río is better than Industriales.
Tony: O.K., O.K., you’re right. But remember Santiago de Cuba is the best of all.
Johnny: Look! The doctor is coming. Let's ask him what he thinks about this.
Some adjectives have irregular comparative forms. Read carefully.
ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
good better the best
bad worse the worst
many more the most
little less the least